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There is nowhere in the world where you will find so many sights entered in the UNESCO World Heritage List as in the Czech Republic. Today you can find 12 sites, two intangible cultural heritage traditions and one geopark – all on World Heritage List. The sites are varied – from whole historical sections of towns to single buildings.

Český Krumlov

This picturesque town lies in a deep, meandering valley of the Vltava river in the very South of Bohemia. Its golden age came about during the rule of the Lords of Rožmberk (Rosenberg) in 1302-1602, who made their residence there. At that time, Krumlova was a point of contact between the Czech interior, the Austrian/German Danube region and Northern Italy. The Italian Renaissance greatly influenced the appearance of the town and its castle.
At the end of the 17th century during the rule of the Eggenberg dynasty a Baroque theatre was built and the chateau garden remodelled. During the rule of the Schwarzenbergs, Český Krumlov received a decorative Baroque makeover. However, Český Krumlov equals more than an exceptional complex of 300 historical buildings. The town presents itself to visitors, also as a hub of culture conventions and tourism. The international Music Festival takes place annually in August, as does a festival of Renaissance music; theatrical productions are held in the castle garden, the Festival of the Five-Pedalled Rose is a major summer attraction and the Egon Schiee Center is open to visitors the your round.
www.ckrumlov.info


Holašovice

This South-Bohemian village from the 13th century is considered a true pearl of the rustic Baroque style. Its 22 farmhouses with painted Baroque gables in the front and gardens in the rear are situated around a central pond. The pond was used for breeding freshwater fish; the entire area is still known for its fish industry. The village is a living monument to the music traditions.
www.holasovice.eu


Kroměříž

In 1777, this town, located in Central Moravia at the foot of the Chřiby hills, became the seat of the bishops of Olomouc. The splendid Kroměříž Chateau and its beautiful gardens are considered an especially attractive and well-preserved example of Baroque palatial and garden design. The castle gallery houses a major collection of European art, featuring an especially stirring oil painting by Titan “Apollos´s Slying of Marsvas”.
www.mesto-kromeriz.cz


Kutná Hora

During the Middle Ages, profits from the Kutá Hora silver mines brought fame to the lands of the Czech Crown, and Kutná Hora became the richest and most powerful town in the Czech lands. At the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries, Kutná Hora became the seat of King Václav IV.
The Gothis St. James´ Church (1330) and the St. Barbara´s Cathedral (1388) devoted to the patroness of miners, are among the most important architectural monuments. Among other jewel is the former ming – The Vlašský dvůr (Italian court) from the 13th century, and several patrician houses. The building called Hrádek (Little Castle), which is part of the former municipal fortifications, houses and museum of mining; the tour includes a visit to a former mediaeval mine.
Other worthwhile monuments are the former Latin school and the cloister church in a suburb called Sedlec, which houses a curious ossuary. Its interior is composed exclusively of human bones, dating mostly from the Thirty Years´ War.
Cultural events: Musical programs, the Silver Mining Festival, the St. Wenceslav Winemaking Festival
www.kutnahora.cz


Lednice-Valtice Area

An extensive Baroque complex built for the Liechtenstein family by renowned architects like C. Tencalla, D. Martinelli, J. B. Ficher von Erlach, and J. Ospel. The complex consists of various chateau buildings, garden structures and decorative sculpture of various styles, set amidst, ponds and woods. The Valtice chateau is surrounded by a beautiful natural park dotted with many Romantic structures, rare trees and greenhouses with tropical plants.
The area is crisscrossed with a dense network of hiking and biking trails and is perfect for exploring in combination with the surrounding wine country.
www.lednicko-valticky-areal.cz


Litomyšl

In the small town of Litomyšl, the aristocratic family of Pernštejn had a mediaeval castle remodelled into a Renaissance chateau, the second half of the 16th century. The chateau is an exceptional example of an original Italian arcaded structure which was adapted for the Czech environment. It is a fine illustration of an aristocratic residence built during mediaeval Renaissance, with later developments under the influence of new styles. The town of Litomyšl is also the birthplace of the great Czech composer Bedřich Smetana; an annual music festival (Smetana´s Litomyšl) bears his name.
www.litomysl.cz


Prague

The capital´s historical centre, more than ten centuries old enchants its residents and visitors alike through its unique symbiosis of many architectural styles – from Romanesque rotundas, Gothis towers and Renaissance burghers´ hoses and palaces to the Jewish synagogues, Baroque churches, convents and monasteries. The city is full of crooked lanes, gold-tipped towers and church cupolas, standing side by side with more recent Art Nouveau and Modernist architecture…
Prague was described as a “symphony in stone”, and thus perfectly expressed its character and unique beauty. This city of a hundred spires, built along the meanders of the Vltava and on the surrounding seven hills. The architectural jewels in Prague´s historical centre are more than just stone-and-mortar witnesses to the past. Prague always has been, and continues to be, a living city with and unusual number of theatres, concert halls, galleries, museums and exhibition spaces. Its cultural offerings are rich and varied. Prague is a multifaceted a city as one could wish for; to each visitor it reveals a different, yet always charming face.
www.prague-info.cz


he Holy Column in Olomouc

The baroque column came into existence between 1716 and 1754 and is a testament to the onetime religious fervour of this bishopric town. The column unites the motif of ecclesiastic triumphalism and faith with its architectural and artistic expression. Thanks to the entry of this Baroque column on the prestigious UNESCO list, the historic Moravian town of Olomouc has also received the wide recognition.
www.olomouc.eu


Telč

Originally a royal water was founded in the 13th century on the crossroads of several busy trade routes. It obtained its current appearance in the 16th century, when the chateau as well as the town centre were rebuilt. This development was in a part the work of the Jesuit order, which then had a significant presence in the town. Beside the chateau and its park, among the most important monuments is the square – a unique complex of Renaissance and Baroque houses. The houses arcades and gables were built according to an integrated plan. Music and visual arts play an important role in Telč´s contemporary life.
Cultural events: International folklore festival; French-Czech music academy

www.telc-etc.cz

Třebíč - Basilica of St. Prokop and Jewish Town

Třebíč is the town of uncommon religious sights, the most famous of which is the Romanesque-Gothic Basilica of St. Prokop. Among the most precious parts of the basilica there is the crypt with a more than seven hundred years old timbering of the ceiling, the presbytery vaulted by the cross stone vault, the rose window in the eastern part of the apse and the northern portal, which is a unique piece of stone work. Architect Kamil Hilbert created the recent look of the basilica interior in the years 1924 – 1935.
Třebíč used to belong to the important centres of Jewish culture in Moravia. The uniquely preserved Jewish Town remains a witness of the coexistence of the Jews and the Christians. The unique Jewish quarter with dense housing narrow isles dark corners, vaulted passages and romantic little squares, includes more than 120 residential houses. Besides them there have been preserved the buildings of the former Jewish institutions – e.g. the Town Hall, the school, the rabbinate and the poorhouse. The Back Synagogue was completely reconstructed. Its interior, decorated with unique wall paintings from the early 18th century, houses the exposition of the history of the former ghetto. Various cultural events, such as exhibitions, concerts, meetings and seminaries take place here. The Front Synagogue serves today as a chapel of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church.
www.trebic.cz


Villa Tugendhat


Villa Tugendhat in Brno. A masterpiece from the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Roge. Built in 1930 in Brno for Fritz Tugendhat and his wife Greta, the villa soon became an icon of modern architecture. Van der Rohe used a revolutionary iron framework, which enabled him to dispense with supporting walls and to arrange an interior that achieved a feeling of space and light.
www.tugendhat-villa.cz


The Pilgrimage Church of St. Nepomuk at Zelená Hora


The abbot of the Žďár monastery had this pilgrimage church built to celebrate the memory of the Czech martyr and St. John of Nepomuk. It is a unique testament to the genius of the Prague architect Giovanni Blasius Santini, who decided to use the five-pointed star as the principal symbol in his remarkable structure
According to legend a crown with five stars appeared above the body of the drowned martyr. The building in the so-called Baroque Gothic style is characteristic by its composition based on the five-pointed star shape: a star-shaped ground plan with five exits, five stars and five angels on the main altar. The main altar depicts the martyr being carried by angels to heaven. The side altars are devoted to the four Evangelists. All the figures find themselves amidst a vortex of flames, and their expressions are deeply stirred. The apex of the cupola contains a giant tongue, the symbol from St. John of Nepomuk, surrounded by a fiery circle.
This work of Giovanni Santini speaks to us through the originality of its concept and its brilliant technique which contains elements of both the Baroque and the Gothic united here in the splendid Bohemian Gothic Baroque
www.zdarns.cz


Slovácko Verbuňk


Southeast Moravia, especially the ethnographic region of Moravian Slovaki is a place with a particular and unique culture. The character of the local songs is totally unique and anyone who has ever experienced a cimbalom music performance must have fallen in love with the local region through the music.
Inseparable from the music is dance. The local Verbuňk dance is just as peculiar as all the other regional dances. It is an exclusively male dance which although it is improvised is nevertheless bound by strict choreographic rules. It is a dance involving a log of jumping. Its uniqueness has given it a place on the UNESCO Cultural Heritage List.
If you want to see Verbuňk with your own eyes. It would be best to travel to Moravian Slovakia during the period in which traditional "hody" (annual folk entertainment) take place. Not only will you then be able to admire with young men in folk costume to the accompanied of cimbalom music, but you will also see women in traditional costumes and enjoy fests from the bountiful local region. You will long remember the local wine in particular. Verbuňk can also be seen on the stage at various folk festivals.


Bohemian Paradise

In 2004 UNESCO took on another project dedicated to protecting world heritage. After architectural and cultural legacies, it turned its attention to geological heritage and the Global Geoparks Network was formed. The Czech Republic can be proud that it holds the first place in terms of European geoparks. It was Bohemian Paradise which was entered in the first.
Bohemian Paradise has been a tourist destination for almost two centuries. It has always attracted attention because of its dramatic appearance, provided particularly by its sandstone rock formations, jutting out of its forests. Only about half of Bohemian Paradise has Geopark status, but there are also other attractions available for visitors. It is not for nothing that this is one of the most visited regions in the CR. Its wonderful scenery is made up to old castles proudly looking out over the land and the local valleys and rivers are unforgettable. It would be difficult to find more romantic little towns. Bohemian Paradise offers all this and it is also very easily accessible from Prague.
www.cesky-raj.info


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